Index

Pillar

Indicators

Description

Source

Year

Institution

Political Environment

Political Stability

Measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism.

http://info.worldbank.org/

2011

Government Effectiveness

Perceptions of the quality of public services, the quality of the civil service and the degree of its independence from political pressures, the quality of policy formulation and implementation, and the credibility of the government's commitment to such policies.

http://info.worldbank.org/

2011

Press Freedom

A measurement based on government influence, market forces and self censorship that determines the viability of a free press and the ability of a nations people to find the truth about current situations.

http://en.rsf.org/

2011-2012

Regulatory Environment

Regulatory Quality

Perceptions of the ability of the government to formulate and implement sound policies and regulations that permit and promote private sector development.

http://info.worldbank.org/

2011

Rule of Laws

Refers to the "authority and influence of law in society," especially as a constraint upon behavior, including behavior of government officials.

http://info.worldbank.org/

2011

Business Environment

Ease of Starting Businesses

Obstacles and difficulties a new business has to overcome. These take the form of bureaucratic red tape, political resistance and social acceptance.

http://www.doingbusiness.org/rankings

2012

Ease of Resolving Insolvency

A measurement of the difficulty a business will have navigating the waters of bankruptcy or other forms of financial insolvency.

http://www.doingbusiness.org/rankings

2012

Ease of Paying Taxes

A government can only support innovation if it has a viable tax base. This index measures a governments ability to collect taxes fairly and simply which enables tax payers to focus on their core business.

http://www.doingbusiness.org/rankings

2012

Human Resoure and Research

Education

Public Spending on Education

Public expenditure on education as % of GDP is the total public expenditure (current and capital) on education expressed as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in a given year.

http://data.worldbank.org/

2009

School Life Time

A measure of how many years of education a child of school entering age would receive during the life time if the school enrollment rates stay the same as of today.

http://stats.uis.unesco.org/

2009

Research

GERD

Gross Domestic Expenditures on Research and Development.

http://stats.uis.unesco.org/

2009

Researcher Headcounts

Researchers per million inhabitants.

http://stats.uis.unesco.org/

2009

Tertiary Education

Gross Tertiary Enrollment Ratio

The ratio of the number of students who live in that country to those who qualify for the tertiary grade level.

http://stats.uis.unesco.org/

2009

Inbound Mobility

Gives the number of students from abroad studying in a given country, as a percentage.

http://stats.uis.unesco.org/

2009

Percentage of Tertiary Graduates in Science, Engineering, Manufacturing and Construction.

The ratio of the number of students who major in that three areas to the total number of tertiary level students of the total tertiary enrolment in that country.

http://stats.uis.unesco.org/

2009

Infrastruction

General Infrastructure

Energy Production

A comprehensive over view of a nations consumption of oil, coal, natural gas and renewable sources of energy.

http://www.iea.org/

2011

Electricity Consumption

A measure of the amount of energy consumed per capita by a particular nation.

http://www.iea.org/

2011

Quality of Trade and Transport Related Infrastructure

Evaluated the quality of trade and transport related infrastructure (e.g. ports, railroads, roads, information technology.

http://search.worldbank.org/

2010

Ecological Sustainability

Ecological Sustainability

Ranks countries on 22 performance indicators in ten policy categories and two overarching objectives that reflect facets of Environmental Health and Ecosystem Vitality.

http://epi.yale.edu/epi2012/rankings

2012

Information and Communication Technologies

ICT Development

The ICT Development assesses countries performance with regard to information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure and uptake.

http://www.itu.int/

2011

E-government

E-government describes the use of technologies to facilitate the operation of government and the dispersement of government information and services.

http://www.itu.int/

2011

Market

Credit

Ease of Getting Credit

http://www.doingbusiness.org/rankings

2012

Micro-finance Gross Loan

The aggregated gross value of micro-finance loan a country receives in a certain year.

http://www.mixmarket.org/

2008-2011

Investment

Ease of Protecting Investments

http://www.doingbusiness.org/rankings

2012

Venture Capital Deals

In your country, how easy is it for entrepreneurs with innovative but risky projects to find venture capital?

http://www3.weforum.org/

2011

Trade and Competition

Intensity of Local Competition

How would you assess the intensity of competition in the local markets in your country?

http://www3.weforum.org/

2011

Logistics

The weighted average of the country scores on the six key dimensions:1. Efficiency of the clearance process. 2.Quality of trade and transport related. 3.Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments; infrastructure. 4.Competence and quality of logistics services. 5.Ability to track and trace consignments. 6.Timeliness of shipments in reaching destination within the scheduled or expected delivery time.

http://www1.worldbank.org/

2011

Business Innovation Linkage

Knowledge Intensiveness

Highly Educated Workers

R&D Performed by Businesses

The ratio of the number of R&D performed by businesses to total.

http://stats.uis.unesco.org/

2009

R&D Financed by Businesses

The ratio of the number of R&D financed by businesses to total.

http://stats.uis.unesco.org/

2009

Knowledge Absorption

Universities Collaborates

To what extent do business and universities collaborate on research and development (R&D) in your country?

http://nmi.is/media/

2011

License Fee Payments

Charges for the use of intellectual property are payments and receipts between residents and nonresidents for the authorized use of proprietary rights, and for the use, through licensing agreements, of produced originals or prototypes and related rights.

http://data.worldbank.org/

2010